ASTRAL EDUCATION offers the best UGC NET classes in india. With the high number of selections in the UGC NET, astral is consistently giving the top results.  

UGC NET is not a difficult course, but you will need good coaching to understand the concepts better and get valuable guidance. And ASTRAL EDUCATION is one such UGC NET institute that understands the needs of the exam and the students.  

Our UGC NET classes have limited seats so that teachers can give proper attention to each student. According to the student’s performance, we provide them personalized guidance so that they can get the best UGC NET result. 

Astral education – ugc (net)  

Over the past 20 years, our course material for the UGC NET (national eligibility test for humanities) exam preparation has proven to be an excellent guide to students. The confounding number of topics and subjects has been reduced to a set of volumes that are crisp but comprehensive and satisfactorily cover the entire syllabus. With our wealth of experience, we clearly understand the requirements of a student aspiring to clear this exam. 

We offer correspondence courses for the following 15 subjects 

1. Commerce 9. Home science 
2. Computer science & applications 10. Library & information science 
3. Economics 11. Management 
4. Education 12. Political science 
5. Electronics science 13. Philosophy 
6. English 14. Psychology 
7. Geography 15. Sociology 
8. History  

UGC NET syllabus for paper 1 & 2 PDF has been released on the official website. Candidates can download NTA UGC NET syllabus & new exam pattern. 

UGC NET syllabus : UGC NET syllabus has been issued subject-wise by the national testing agency (NTA) on their official website. All the appearing candidates are preparing for exams, they should start studying the UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for paper-i & paper-ii. In this article, the candidates will find all the relevant information about the revised UGC NET syllabus & exam pattern 

UGC NET syllabus  

UGC NET exam dates in have been released i.E., on the official website. The UGC–NET examination includes two papers – paper I (50 questions & 100 marks) and paper II (100 questions & 200 marks), conducted in the same session, without any break. Paper I is common to all examinees, and applicants can select paper II for their subject specialization. Here we are supplying the UGC NET syllabus PDF & latest exam pattern for candidates to start to help in their preparation. 

UGC NET syllabus overview 

Everyone should know complete knowledge about the net exam syllabus. Before getting knowledge about UGC net syllabus pdf. We have given the UGC NET syllabus download options in this article. These candidates can use the UGC NET syllabus download link and save it for further reference. There is the official UGC NET syllabus and new exam pattern. 

UGC NET syllabus  

Name of the exam National eligibility test (NET) 
Conducting body National testing agency (NTA) 
Exam conducted in A year Twice a year 
Mode of examination Online 
Type of questions Multiple choice questions (mcqs) 
Number of papers UGC NET paper I UGC NET paper-ii 
Number of questions 150 
Time duration 3 hours 
Negative marking No 

UGC NET syllabus & new exam pattern 

UGC NET exam is conducted in online mode (computer based test). The computer based test (CBT) will consist of two papers i.E., Paper-i & paper-ii. There will be no break between paper-i and paper-ii. Both papers will consist of objective-type, multiple-choice questions. You should see the latest NTA UGC NET syllabus paper 1 & 2 in detail. Before attending the exam, candidates must check the UGC NET syllabus and UGC NET new exam pattern PDF. 

Duration (first shift) : 03 hours (09:00 am to 12:00 pm) 

Duration (Second shift) 03 hours (03:00 pm to 06:00 pm) 

Paper Marks Number of questions (all are compulsory) 
100 50 
Ii 200 100 

Note: there are no negative marks for an incorrect response. 

UGC NET syllabus for paper 2 

The knowledge about the complete UGC NET syllabus pdf for paper 1 of your desired subject helps to plan your timetable and strategize your study in the most effective way. There are a total of ten sections/subjects in UGC NET paper 1 syllabus . Subjects include research aptitude, teaching aptitude, communication, reasoning, reading comprehension, information & communication technology, math’s, etc. Those who are appearing for UGC NET exam can download the UGC NET exam pattern PDF from the given below links. 

UGC NET syllabus part-i exam  

Part Sections (multiple choice questions) Questions Marks 
Teaching aptitude 10 
Ii Research aptitude 10 
Iii Reading comprehension 10 
Iv Communication 10 
Reasoning (including math’s) 10 
Vi Logical reasoning 10 
Vii Data interpretation 10 
Viii Information & communication technology (ICT) 10 
Viii People & environment 10 
Ix Higher education system: governance, polity & administration 10 
 Total 50 100 

Important points to he remember 

  • The questions in paper I intend to assess the teaching/ research aptitude of the candidate. It will primarily be designed to test the reasoning ability, reading comprehension, divergent thinking, and general awareness of the candidate. 
  • For each correct response, the candidate will get 2 marks. 
  • There is no negative marking for incorrect response 
  • Paper-ii is 100 marks based on the subject selected by the candidate 

Teaching aptitude 

  • Teaching: concept, aims, levels of teaching (memory, understanding, and reflective), characteristics, and basic requirements. 
  • Learner’s characteristics: characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (academic, social, emotional and cognitive), individual differences. 
  • Factors affecting teaching related to teacher, learner, support material, instructional facilities, learning environment, and institution. 
  • Methods of teaching in institutions of higher learning: teacher-centered vs. Learner-centered methods; offline vs. Online methods (swayam, svayamprabha, moocs, etc.). 
  • Teaching support system: traditional, modern, and ict-based. 
  • Evaluation systems: elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in choice based credit system in higher education, computer-based testing, innovations in evaluation systems. Aspirants can refer to the latest UGC NET strategies so that they can make a proper daily routine for preparing for the exam. 

Research aptitude 

  • Research: meaning, types, and characteristics, positivism and post-positivist approach to research. 
  • Methods of research: experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative, and quantitative methods. 
  • Steps of research. 
  • Thesis and article writing: format and styles of referencing. 
  • Application of ICT in research. 
  • Research ethics. 


  • A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered. 


  • Communication: meaning, types, and characteristics of communication. 
  • Effective communication: verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom communication. 
  • Barriers to effective communication. 
  • Mass-media and society. 

Mathematical reasoning and aptitude 

  • Types of reasoning. 
  • Number series, letter series, codes, and relationships. 
  • Mathematical aptitude (fraction, time & distance, ratio, proportion and percentage, profit and loss, interest and discounting, averages, etc.). 

Logical reasoning 

  • Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, mood and figure, formal and informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations and denotations of terms, classical square of opposition. 
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning. 
  • Venn diagram: simple and multiple uses for setting up the validity of arguments. 
  • Indian logic: means of knowledge. 
  • Pramanns: pratyaksha (perception), anumana (inference), upasana (comparison), shabda (verbal testimony), artha patti (implication), and analadi (non-apprehension). 
  • Structure and kinds of anumana (inference), vyapti (invariable relation), hetva hasas (fallacies of inference). 

Data interpretation 

  • Sources, acquisition, and classification of data. 
  • Quantitative and qualitative data. 
  • Graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart, and line-chart) and mapping of data. 
  • Data interpretation. 
  • Data and governance. 

Information and communication technology (ICT) 

  • ICT: general abbreviations and terminology. 
  • Basics of the internet, intranet, e-mail, audio, and video-conferencing. 
  • Digital initiatives in higher education. 
  • ICT and governance. 

 People, development and environment 

  • Development and environment: millennium development and sustainable development goals. 
  • Human and environment interaction: anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment. 
  • Environmental issues: local, regional and global; air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change and its socio-economic and political dimensions. 
  • Impacts of pollutants on human health. 
  • Natural and energy resources: solar, wind, soil, hydro, geothermal, biomass, nuclear, and forests. 
  • Natural hazards and disasters: mitigation strategies. 
  • Environmental protection act (1986), national action plan on climate change, international agreements/efforts -montreal protocol, rio summit, convention on biodiversity, kyoto protocol, paris agreement, international solar alliance. To prepare all these subjects more efficiently, one can also check tips and tricks to crack the UGC NET exam in which we have covered many hacks if to be followed correctly, one can clear the exam. 

 Higher education system 

  • Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient india. 
  • Evolution of higher learning and research in post-independence india. 
  • Asian, conventional, and non-conventional learning programs in india. 
  • Professional, technical, and skill-based education. 
  • Value education and environmental education. 
  • Policies, governance, and administration. 

UGC NET exam date  

UGC NET syllabus PDF subject wise for paper 2 

The NTA UGC NET syllabus for paper 2 includes the subject chosen by the candidates while filling out the form. Paper II will also consist of only 100 objective-type questions (mcqs) for 200 marks. NTA UGC NET is conducted for a total of 101 subjects. Candidates may download the UGC NET paper 2 syllabus PDF subject wise from the below-mentioned links: 

From the below, table candidates can download UGC NET syllabus for paper 1 & 2 PDF has been released on the official website. Candidates can download UGC NET syllabus subject wise PDF. 

Subject code Subject Syllabus [in english] Syllabus [in hindi] 
01 Economics / rural economics /co-operation / demography / development planning/ development studies / econometrics/ applied economics/development eco. /Business economics Download Download 
02 Political science Download Download 
03 Philosophy Download Download 
04 Psychology Download Download 
05 Sociology Download Download 
06 History Download Download 
07 Anthropology Download Download 
08 Commerce Download Download 
09 Education Download Download 
10 Social work Download Download 
11 Defense and strategic studies Download Download 
12 Home science Download Download 
14 Public administration Download Download 
15 Population studies Download Download 
16 Music Download Download 
17 Management (including business admen. Mgt./Marketing/ marketing mgt./Industrial relations and personnel mgt./ Personnel mgt./Financial mgt./Co-operative management) Download Download 
18 Maithili Download Download 
19 Bengali Download Download 
20 Hindi  Download 
21 Kannada Download Download 
22 Malayalam Download Download 
23 Odia Download Download 
24 Punjabi Download Download 
25 Sanskrit Download Download 
26 Tamil Download Download 
27 Telugu Download Download 
28 Urdu Download Download 
29 Arabic Download Download 
30 English Download Download 
31 Linguistics Download Download 
32 Chinese Download Download 
33 Dogri Download Download 
34 Nepali Download Download 
35 Manipuri Download Download 
36 Assamese Download Download 
37 Gujarati Download Download 
38 Marathi Download Download 
39 French (french version) Download Download 
40 Spanish Download Download 
41 Russian Download Download 
42 Persian Download Download 
43 Rajasthani Download Download 
44 German Download Download 
45 Japanese Download Download 
46 Adult education/ continuing education/ andragogy/ non-formal education. Download Download 
47 Physical education Download Download 
49 Arab culture and islamic studies Download Download 
50 Indian culture Download Download 
55 Labour welfare/personnel management/industrial relations/ labour and social welfare/human resource management Download Download 
58 Law Download Download 
59 Library and information science Download Download 
60 Buddhist, jaina, gandhian, and peace studies Download Download 
62 Comparative study of religions Download Download 
63 Mass communication and journalism Download Download 
65 Performing art – dance/drama/theatre Download Download 
66 Museology & conservation Download Download 
67 Archaeology Download Download 
68 Criminology Download Download 
70 Tribal and regional language/literature Download Download 
71 Folk literature Download Download 
72 Comparative literature Download Download 
73 Sanskrit traditional subjects (including) jyotisha/siddhanta jyotish/ navya vyakarana/ vyakarana/ mimansa/ navya nyaya/ sankhya yoga/ tulasamma darsan/ shukla yajurveda/ madhav vedant/ dharmasastha/ sahitya/ paranoias /agama).  Download 
74 Women studies Download Download 
79 Visual art (including drawing & painting/sculpture graphics/applied art/history of art) Download Download 
80 Geography Download Download 
81 Social medicine & community health Download Download 
82 Forensic science Download Download 
83 Pali Download Download 
84 Kashmiri Download Download 
85 Konkani Download Download 
87 Computer science and applications Download Download 
88 Electronic science Download  
89 Environmental sciences Download  
90 Politics including international relations/international studies including defense/strategic studies, west asian studies, south east asian studies, african studies, south asian studies, soviet studies, american studies. Download Download 
91 Prakrit Download Download 
92 Human rights and duties Download Download 
93 Tourism administration and management. Download Download 
94 Bodo  Download 
95 Santali  Download 
100 Yoga Download Download 
101 Sindhi Download Download 

UGC NET syllabus : faqs (frequently asked question) 

Q1. What is the official website of UGC NET ? 

Ans. The UGC NET official website is ugcnet.Nta.Nic.In/ 

Q2. How many papers are there in the UGC NET exam? 

Ans. There are 2 paper i.E., Paper-1 and paper-2. 

Q3. In which language will the UGC NET exam be taken? 

Ans. UGC NET will be taken in both hindi as well as english. 

Q4. What changes have been made in UGC NET SYLLABUS ? 

Ans. There are several changes made this year, you can get an updated syllabus in this blog. 

Q5. Do I have to try both papers in UGC NET exam? 

Ans. Yes, you need to try both paper 1 & paper 2. 

Q6. What is the weightage of paper-i and -II of the UGC NET exam? 

Ans. UGC NET paper-i carries 100 marks and paper-ii is 200 marks. 

Q7. Where can I find UGC NET english syllabus PDF? 

Ans. Candidates can easily download the UGC NET english syllabus PDF from the article above. 

Q8. Where can I find the UGC NET commerce syllabus PDF? 

Ans. Candidates can easily download the UGC NET commerce syllabus PDF from the article above. 

Salient features 

  • Our UGC NET study material is an all-inclusive course material covering the entire syllabus. 
  • Exclusive focus on both papers, paper I and paper II. 
  • Extensive and relevant theory enveloping all concepts. 
  • Array of objective questions along with solutions. 
  • Course material systematically segmented into approximately 20-25 volumes depending on the subject. 
  • Course designed and module by faculty who are highly qualified with vast teaching experience. 
  • The course material is designed and module to provide you with a “step-by-step” approach to your preparation 
  • The UGC NET study material is useful as SET study material as well i.E., For SET/SLET exams also. 

Paper I – general paper (will be provided in 7 volumes) 

  • The course material will have aim type questions with answers on various subjects like comprehension, logical reasoning, teaching aptitude, analysis evaluation, deductive and inductive reasoning etc. 

Paper II 

  • The course material will have important theory parts in brief and many objective type questions with answers. 
  • The course material will consist of extensive theory covering important topics. It will also have descriptive theory. 
  • The course material for paper II will be provided in approximately 15-20 volumes. 
  • The course materials will cover descriptive theory supplying deep insight into the concept. 
  • A volume (QUESTION BANK) exclusively focused on objective type questions is also provided. 

About joint UGC test for junior research fellowship & lectureship 
the UGC (NET) humanities is conducted by the university grants commission. The UGC(NET) test will decide the eligibility of indian national candidates for the award of junior research fellowships (JRF) and for appointment of lecturers in universities and colleges in the subjects falling in humanities (including languages), social sciences, forensic science, environmental sciences, computer science and application and electronic science. The UGC (NET) humanities test includes 2 papers. UGC conducts NET twice a year i.E., In june and december. 

Eligibility – NET 

I) candidates who have secured at least 55% marks (without rounding off) (50% marks for SC/ST/PH/VH) in master’s degree or equivalent examination in humanities (including languages) and social sciences, computer applications, electronic sciences etc. Are eligible for this test. 

(Ii) candidates who are in the final year or have appeared for master’s degree or equivalent examination can also apply for the test. However, such candidates will be considered eligible for JRF/LS only after they have passed the master’s degree examination or equivalent with at least 55% (50% marks for SC/ST/PH/VH) marks. These candidates must complete their P.G. Degree examination within two years from the date of NET result with the required percentage of marks, failing which they shall be treated as disqualified. 

(Iii) the ph.D. Degree holders whose master’s level examination was completed by 19th september, 1991 (irrespective of date of declaration of result) shall be eligible for relaxation of 5% of marks (I.E. From 55% to 50%) to appear in NET examination. 

(Iv) candidates are recommended to appear in the subject of their post-graduation only. The candidates whose PG subjects are not covered in the list of subjects provided by UGC, may appear in the subject related to the one they had at PG. 

Age limit: the upper age limit for being eligible for the test is as below: 

(A) for junior research fellowship (JRF): candidate should not be more than 30 years for december / june exam of the corresponding year, relax able up to 5 years in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC/PH/VH and women applicants. Relaxation will also be provided to the candidates having research experience, limited to the period spent on research in the relevant/related subject of post-graduation degree, subject to a maximum of 5 years, on production of a certificate from proper authority. Three years’ relaxation in age will be permissible to the candidates having an L.L.M. Degree. 

(B) for lectureship: there is no upper age limit. 

Scheme of the test 

The test will consist of two papers

Paper I will consist of 50 objective type compulsory questions of two mark each. The paper shall be of general nature intended to assess the teaching / research aptitude of the candidate. It is designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension and divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate. Evaluated. Total marks of paper I will be 100. 

Paper II will consist of 100 objective type questions, of 2 marks each, all of which are compulsory, based on the subject selected by the candidate. Total marks of paper II will be 200. 

All the questions of paper II will be compulsory, without any options 

The final qualifying criteria for junior research fellowship (JRF) and eligibility for lectureship shall be decided by UGC before declaration of result. 

The test will consist of two papers of only objective type questions and will be held on the day of examination in two separate sessions as under: 

  Total marks Shift Duration 
Paper I 100 First shift 3 hours (9.30 am to 12.30 pm) 
Paper II 200 Second shift 3 hours (2.30 pm to 5.30 pm) 
Paper I and paper II will be held together in both the shifts. 
There will be no break between       paper I and paper II 

Candidates qualifying for the award of junior research fellowships will be eligible to receive fellowship under various schemes subject to finding their placement in the university / iits / other national organizations. 

The validity of the offer is two-year w.E.F. The date of issue of JRF award letter. However, in case the candidate has already joined M.Phil. / Ph.D., The date of commencement of fellowship will be from the date of declaration of examination result or date of joining, whichever is later.